Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Review for Dentists
• Jonathan B. Albilia, DMD •
• David K. Lam, DDS •
• Cameron M.L. Clokie, DDS, PhD, FRCD(C) •
• George K.B. Sándor, MD, DDS, PhD, FRCD(C), FRCSC, FACS •
A b s t r a c t
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic disease with far-reaching systemic implications. The hallmark feature in SLE is chronic inflammation. It can affect the skin, joints, kidneys, lungs, nervous system, serous membranes such as the pleura and pericardium, mucous membranes and other organs of the body. It is imperative that the dental practitioner be familiar with the broad range of systemic and oral implications, including the clinical and biochemical features of SLE. This review article offers an overview of the multiple organ systems affected by this complex heterogeneous disease process that are most relevant to both the general practitioner and the dental specialist. In particular, ways to recognize and manage the oral and dental manifestations of this systemic illness are presented.
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