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Vol. 75, No. 8
ISSN: 1488-2159
October 2009


Effect of Timing and Method of Post Space Preparation on Sealing Ability of Remaining Root Filling Material: In Vitro Microbiological Study


• Fabiana Soares Grecca, DDS, MSc, ScD •
• Ângela Rezende Gomes Rosa, DDS •
• Maximiliano Schünke Gomes, DDS, MSc •
• Clarissa Fatturi Parolo, DDS, MSc, ScD •
• Jules Renan Dutra Bemfica •
• Luis Carlos da Fontoura Frasca, DDS, MSc, ScD •
• Marisa Maltz, DDS, MSc, ScD •

A b s t r a c t

Objective: To evaluate the effect of timing (immediate versus delayed) and technique of post space preparation on the ability of the residual root canal obturation to prevent coronal bacterial leakage.

Materials and Methods: Sixty-six single-rooted teeth were decoronated at the cementoenamel junction. The canals were prepared according to a step-back technique and were filled with thermoplasticized gutta-percha and AH Plus endodontic sealer (Dentsply De Trey). The root segments were randomly assigned to 8 groups. The positive controls (n = 3) were instrumented but not obturated. The negative controls (n = 3) were instrumented, obturated and sealed with Cavit (3M ESPE). In the other 6 groups (n = 10 each), the post space was prepared either immediately after obturation or 7 days later using LA Axxess burs (SybronEndo) (groups 1 and 2), heated pluggers (groups 3 and 4) or solvent delivered with a hand file (groups 5 and 6). The external surface of all roots was rendered waterproof with nail varnish. Custom-made dual-chamber devices were used to evaluate leakage. The coronal third of the prepared root canal was kept in contact with artificial saliva contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis, and the root apex was submerged in tryptic soy agar medium. The root assemblies were stored at 37 °C and were monitored daily over a 90-day period. The occurrence of turbidity in the medium was deemed to indicate bacterial leakage, from which failure of the seal was inferred.

Results: Throughout the experimental period, there was no significant difference (p = 0.094) among the preparation techniques, either immediate or delayed, in terms of bacterial leakage.

Conclusions: Immediate and delayed post space preparation yielded similar outcomes in terms of the canal seal. Regardless of the timing and the technique of post space preparation, coronal bacterial leakage occurred over time.


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