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Vol. 75, No. 4
ISSN: 1488-2159
May 2009


Idiopathic Gingival Fibromatosis Associated with Generalized Aggressive Periodontitis: A Case Report


• Rashi Chaturvedi, MDS, DNB •

A b s t r a c t

Idiopathic gingival fibromatosis, a benign, slow-growing proliferation of the gingival tissues, is genetically heterogeneous. This condition is usually part of a syndrome or, rarely, an isolated disorder. Aggressive periodontitis, another genetically transmitted disorder of the periodontium, typically results in severe, rapid destruction of the toothsupporting apparatus. The increased susceptibility of the host population with aggressive periodontitis may be caused by the combined effects of multiple genes and their interaction with various environmental factors. Functional abnormalities of neutrophils have also been implicated in the etiopathogenesis of aggressive periodontitis. We present a rare case of a nonsyndromic idiopathic gingival fibromatosis associated with generalized aggressive periodontitis. We established the patient's diagnosis through clinical and radiologic assessment, histopathologic findings and immunologic analysis of neutrophil function with a nitro-blue-tetrazolium reduction test. We describe an interdisciplinary approach to the treatment of the patient.


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