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Vol. 75, No. 2
ISSN: 1488-2159
March 2009


In Vitro Evaluation of Matched-Taper Single-Cone Obturation with a Fluid Filtration Method


• Ugur Inan, DDS, PhD •
• Cumhur Aydin, DDS, PhD •
• Yasar Meric Tunca, DDS, PhD •
• Feridun Basak, DDS, PhD •

A b s t r a c t

Objective: Widespread use of rotary nickel-titanium systems has caused manufacturers to produce gutta-percha cones that match the taper of the canals prepared with these systems. Obturations with these cones may provide 3-dimensional obturation of the root canal in less time. The aim of this study was to use a fluid filtration method to compare the apical sealing ability of matched-taper single-cone, Thermafil and lateral condensation obturations.

Materials and Methods: Sixty-six extracted human lower premolar teeth were instrumented to size F3 with ProTaper instruments. The teeth were divided into 3 groups and obturated with matched-taper single-cone, Thermafil and lateral condensation techniques. AH Plus was used as a sealer. Six teeth were used as positive and negative controls. A fluid filtration system was used to evaluate the apical seal. Measurements were made at 2-minute intervals for 8 minutes and the average of these values was recorded. One-way analysis of variance test was used for statistical analysis.

Results: Mean leakage values for the lateral condensation, single-cone and Thermafil groups were 0.49 ± 0.37 μL min-1, 0.39 ± 0.24 μL min-1 and 0.44 ± 0.25 μL min-1, respectively. The difference between the groups was not statistically significant (p > 0.05).

Conclusions: The apical sealing ability of matched-taper single-cone obturation was comparable with that of lateral condensation and Thermafil techniques.


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