|More Information||Classified Ads|
|For Authors||Continuing Education|
Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in 4 Manitoba CommunitiesFULL TEXT
• Robert J. Schroth, DMD, MSc •
A b s t r a c t
Methods: The 4 Manitoba communities were selected according to the best available data regarding the number of young children scheduled for dental treatment under general anesthesia. Two of the communities were located in the southern region of the province, and the other 2 were northern communities.
In each region, one community represented a disadvantaged population in a large urban centre, whereas the other was a First Nations (on-reserve) community. The parent or guardian (primary caregiver) of each child under 6 years of age was invited to participate. After informed consent had been obtained from the caregiver, each child underwent a dental examination of the deciduous dentition, and the caregiver completed a retrospective questionnaire by interview.
Results: A total of 408 children and their caregivers participated in the study. The overall prevalence of ECC was 53.7%, and the prevalence was similar in all 4 communities, with no statistically significant difference in caries between the high-risk urban communities and the First Nations (on-reserve) communities.
The mean number of decayed, extracted or filled teeth ± standard deviation was 4.2 ± 5.0. Older children were more likely to have ECC (p < 0.001), but the caregiver's level of education was not associated with ECC prevalence (p > 0.05). Children with ECC also exhibited more plaque (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that ECC is a serious problem in Manitoba. In addition, this investigation establishes a baseline to help evaluate the effectiveness of current and future prevention initiatives in these 4 communities.
MeSH Key Words: child, preschool; dental caries/epidemiology; ManitobaReply to this article | View replies 
Full text provided in PDF format
|Mission Statement & Editor's Message |
Multimedia Centre |
Contact the Editor | Français