Current Issue Subscriptions
Back Issues Advertising
More Information Classified Ads
For Authors Continuing Education
Vol. 69, No. 6
ISSN: 1488-2159
June 2003


Esthetic Periodontal Considerations in Orthodontic Treatment — The Management of Excessive Gingival Display


• Timothy F. Foley, DDS, MClD •
• Harinder S. Sandhu, DDS, PhD, Dip Perio •
• Constantine Athanasopoulos, BSc, DMD •

A b s t r a c t

This paper examines various esthetic periodontal considerations during orthodontic treatment. The management of excessive gingival display caused by altered passive eruption is reviewed, with emphasis on causes, recognition, diagnosis and surgical management of this problem. A case of orthodontic treatment of excessive gingival display associated with altered passive eruption of the maxillary incisors is reviewed to demonstrate appropriate management. With proper diagnosis, soft-tissue periodontal procedures after completion of orthodontic treatment can enhance the patient's final appearance.


MeSH Key Words: crown lengthening/methods; epithelial attachment/physiopathology; malocclusion therapy
Reply to this article | View replies [0]

Full text provided in PDF format


Mission Statement & Editor's Message | Multimedia Centre | Readership Survey
Contact the Editor | Fran็ais