The information contained in this publication (the “Content”) is not intended to substitute for appropriate clinical training nor for consultation of complete reference sources. Contents are for educational purposes, and should not be considered as the rendering of medical services, training or advice for any matter whatsoever. Your use of the Content is entirely at your own risk.  The CDA does not represent or warrant that the use or clinical application of the Content will result in a particular patient outcome. The Canadian Dental Association specifically assumes no liability or responsibility for recommendations or advice set-out in the Content (whether provided by the CDA, its staff, or third parties) or for any losses, damages or claims arising from the use of the Content, including any losses or damages arising from the clinical application of such content.

All statements of opinion and supposed fact are published on the authority of the author who submits them and do not neces­sarily express the views of the Canadian Dental Association.The Canadian Dental Association is not responsible and assumes no liability for the accuracy, reliability or currency of the information provided by external sources. Users wishing to rely upon this information should consult directly with the source of the information.

Unless otherwise specifically indicated, publication of an advertisement does not necessarily imply that the Canadian Dental Association agrees with or supports the claims therein and the naming of any organization, product or therapy in this publication does not imply Canadian Dental Association endorsement nor guarantee the quality, value or effectiveness of any product, service or method advertised by a sponsor.

Furthermore, CDA is not responsible for typographical errors, grammatical errors, misspelled words or syntax that is unclear, or for errors in translations.